Your Pain Is Our Pleasure
24-Hour Proofreading Service—We proofread your Google Docs or Microsoft Word files. We hate grammatical errors with passion. Learn More
June 13, 2013
Total number of comments
Total number of votes received
@Warsaw Will - Sorry for long delay replying!
Thanks for pointing out my mistake . Of course afterward is an adverb of time. A momentary mental glitch on my part, left unchecked in the haste of finishing and sending my post. I trust everything else was in order!
The adverbial suffix "-wards" in standard English is equivalent in intent to "-warts" in German, which is an inflection (specifically, gerund) of the verb "werden", to become; coupled with its initial preposition it implies the subject approaching a position from an assumed starting position, and by logical extension, the direction in which a subject is moving.
the adjectival "-ward" by contrast, describes the position or the point in time occupied by one grammatical person, relative to another (perhaps after having moved in the direction specified). Followed by "of", words ending in "-ward" become prepositional constructions (usages of the form "forwards of" are sub-standard), although only "forward of" (= in front of/ ahead of/ before) appears to have been in common use (to my knowledge..
"Afterwards" and "afterward" are used only adjectivally, and only to describe the point of time occupied by a person relative to another. According to the above scheme, "afterward" is legitimate while "afterwards" is presumably a corruption.
©2020 CYCLE Interactive, LLC.All Rights Reserved.